Child Resistant Barriers and Gates
Child resistant barriers - important requirements
Outdoor pools must be surrounded by a child-resistant barrier that separates the pool from any residential building situated on the premises and from any adjoining public or private properties.
You must ensure the pool is at all times surrounded by a child-resistant barrier consisting of fencing of a height no less than 1.2 metres (1.8 metres if a boundary fence) and/or your house wall.
Access to and from residential buildings and waterfront within the property, must be outside the pool enclosure and not thorough the pool area. Subject to the provisions under the Swimming Pools Act, Regulation and BCA, the child-resistant barrier must be designed, constructed, installed and maintained in accordance with the Australian Standard AS1926.1.
The child-resistant barrier requirements, in general, are:
- Minimum height 1200mm (measured outside the pool area)
- Minimum 900mm separation between the upper and lower horizontal components to maintain a non-climbable zone.
- Maximum 100mm gap under the fence.
- Maximum 100mm gap in barrier components, allowing for any flex in the component material.
- Non-climbable zone extends from the barrier 300mm into pool area and 900mm outside pool area.
- Steps, retaining wall. level changes are to be 500mm from the barrier
- Landscaping, associated lighting and other fixtures or furniture are not to intrude into the non-climbable zone
- Boundary fence to be 1800mm in height (measured inside the pool area). See AS1926.1 for details.
Specific examples and diagrams
Diagrams of typical outdoor pool barriers
Further diagrams and information about typical child resistant barriers can be found in Section 2 of our Pool Safety Information Booklet including:
- Internal pool safety barriers - open from pool fence (including information about the non-climable zone)
- Boundary fence pool safety barrier - minimum height 1800mm
- Landscaping adjacent to pool barrier
- Barrier for stairs
- Barrier gates
- Balcony barrier adjacent to a pool area
- Balcony barrier over pool area.
Our Swimming Pools section contains several useful links, including a safety video and various checklists to help owners ensure required safety standards are met .
Child resistant gates - important requirements
Summary of pool child-resistant gates general requirements (for inormation on doors see indoor pools):-
- Gates must be self-closing and self-latching and must be closed at all times.
- Gates to open outwards from the pool area.
- The latch release being positioned a minimum 1.5 metres above ground level & 1.4 metres from highest lower horizontal barrier member. (see diagram)
- As an alternative to the above where sold panel (glass) or a shield is used the latch is positioned on the pool side near the top of the gate. The solid panel/ shield make it necessary to reach over the gate to reach the latch release mechanism. See AS1926.1 for more information
- Gate width is to be kept to a minimum (no more than 1 metre) to minimise the possibility of the weight of the gate causing the gate to drop with the self-latching mechanism failing.Gates must be self-closing and self-latching and must be closed at all times.
Manufactured Pool Gate Units
Pool gates are required to be supplied with maintenance instructions including any special requirements for maintaining the latching mechanism and hinges.
Each gate unit shall be clearly and permanently marked on at least one of the gate posts or on the gate or on some other component of the gate unit with the registered trademark or the name and address of the manufacturer.
For additional design and construction details concerning pool gates see the Australian Standard AS1926.1.