Cook's Landing: The Meeting of Two Cultures

Cost: Free

Bookings: No booking required

Location: Cook's Landing Place Kurnell

Every year on 29 April, a ceremony is held at Kamay Botany Bay National Park to commemorate the Meeting of Two Cultures - when crew from Cook’s HM Endeavour first set foot on land at Kurnell in Botany Bay in 1770.

Along with Endeavour’s landing, the ceremony acknowledges the traditional owners of our land - the Australian Aboriginal people - and the meeting of the indigenous inhabitants with the European explorers.

History of the ceremony

Commemorative ceremonies have been held at the site almost continuously since 1902. Early ceremonies were organised by the Trustees of the Captain Cook Landing Place and then by the National Parks & Wildlife Service (NPWS).

The Royal Australian Navy has also been involved over the years. Australian Navy Cadets frequently conduct the lowering and raising of flags on the day.  In 1987 Sutherland Shire Council became responsible for organising the commemorations, which became known as ‘Cook’s Landing: the Meeting of Two Cultures’.

The ceremonies continue to rely on the cooperation and involvement of NPWS abd representatives of the local Aboriginal community.

Who attends?

The general public is always welcome to come to the ceremony and whenever the ceremony has has fallen within a school term up to 1,000 school children have attended. 

Past attendees and invitees in the past has also included:

  • the Governor General
  • the NSW Governor
  • the NSW Premier, Ministers and local politicians
  • Aboriginal representatives
  • Defence Force personnel
  • Consul Generals fron England, the United States, Sweden, New Zealand and Canada
  • descendants of Captain Cook’s family
  • Scout and Guide groups
  • historical societies
  • and many community groups.

The ceremony today

While the content of the ceremony varies from year to year, recent ceremonies have involved a Welcome to Country and Aboriginal performers, flag-raising by the Naval Cadets and a descendant of Captain Cook’s family, the Royal Australian Navy Band, and a wreath-laying ceremony.

The 2017 ceremony marks the 247th anniversary of this event.

More information


Enquiries can be directed to Communications & Events on 9710 0993 or

Did this page help you?

We monitor feedback and will respond to your comments if you include your email address.